sunday, 22 july
hope of kyoto deal
Jan Pronk, President of the sixth Conference
of the Parties to the UNFCCC has published a
new proposal to break the deadlock on
implementation of the Kyoto Protocol. Friends
of the Earth International believes it
provides the basis for agreement in Bonn,
despite its weaknesses and loopholes.
Key points are:
Mr. Pronk's plan proposes a binding
compliance regime that would penalise
countries that exceed their Kyoto targets.
However, the penalty system is relatively
weak, requiring countries that fail to meet
their targets to cut 1.3 tonnes of carbon
later for every 1 tonne over the target.
The plan allows developed countries to
rely heavily on domestic forestry and other
land use projects to meet targets, reducing
the need for action at home to cut
greenhouse gas emissions. It would also
allow "sink" forestry projects in the Clean
Development Mechanism, which finances
projects in developing countries. Mr Pronk
has proposed caps on these projects, but
these are weak and no criteria are
specified to avoid adverse social and
environmental impacts, particularly on
indigenous communities and biodiversity.
The plan also fails to set rules requiring
public participation and proper
environmental impact assessments.
The plan appears to exclude nuclear
power from climate change projects between
nations - both Joint Implementation and in
the Clean Development Mechanism, although
the language is not clear.
The plan provides for a "prompt start"
for small-scale clean energy projects, but
the price of carbon implied by the extent
of sinks allowed in the plan may be too low
to make such projects economically
The plan weakens the requirement that
non-domestic projects be "supplementary" to
action at home to cut emissions, defining
this principle only as requiring that
domestic action be "a significant element"
of action to meet Kyoto targets. …
The plan contains some reference to
equity issues, in that it suggests that
developed countries should act "in a manner
conducive to narrowing per capita
differences [i.e. in emissions] between
developed and developing countries." …
The plan fails to provide reliable or
adequate funding for developing countries
seeking to reduce their vulnerability to
Friends of the Earth Climate Campaigner
Kate Hampton said:
"Mr Pronk has given us hope of a workable
deal. Time is short but failure to deliver
rules that enable countries to ratify the
Protocol is not an option. This would be the
ultimate betrayal of the millions of people
whose future security depends on real action
to fight climate change. Countries like
Canada, Japan and Australia must stop their
obstructive behaviour and commit to
Kate Hampton 00 44 7748 967 323
Ian Willmore 00 44 7887 641 344
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