Rich Countries Try to Dodge Climate Obligations
Friends of the Earth International urged developed countries to cut their greenhouse gas emissions and provide public finance for developing countries in line with science and climate justice at United Nations climate talks in Bangkok, Thailand.
Karen Orenstein of Friends of the Earth US said:
“The United States administration should not bully its way into gutting the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. If the world’s richest country wants to claim itself as a leader, it needs to lead a race to the top and not a race to the bottom. US Senate legislation introduced this week – with incredibly weak targets and 2 billion tons of offsets - does not give us reason to believe that President Obama intends to deliver on his message of change.”
Linda Ijmker of Friends of the Earth Netherlands said:
“The recent climate finance proposal from the EU Commission pushes the bulk of costs for adaptation and mitigation in developing countries back to the developing countries themselves, and to theoretical financial flows from the carbon market.”
“We urge all European member states to correct this inadequate financing proposal and to truly meet the obligations under the international climate convention to provide financing for the adaptation, technology sharing and mitigation needs of the developing countries, in addition to reducing their own emissions.”
Stephanie Long of Friends of the Earth International said:
“Developed countries have been accumulating a climate debt for the past 200 years, based on their fossil fuel intensive development. This climate debt must be repaid if we are to have any chance of avoiding dangerous climate change. This means that those that are historically responsible for climate change must reduce their emissions to give more resources to developing countries so they can develop sustainable
“The proposals from the EU Commission and US administration are completely inadequate, with almost complete reliance on the private sector to provide funds to fight climate change. The wealthy industrialised countries must start providing funds to clean up the mess they have caused,” she added.
According to sources close to developing countries delegations, the patience of developing countries is wearing thin at the UN negotiations on climate change.
FOR MORE INFORMATION CONTACT IN BANGKOK
Stephanie Long, Friends of the Earth International: +61 414 136 461
Karen Oreinstein, Friends of the Earth US +1 202 640 8679 (US mobile)
Linda IJmker, Friends of the Earth Netherlands +66 870 921 738 (Thai mobile)
1. What is Climate Debt ?
The climate debt is owed for the historical overproduction of greenhouse gas emissions by developed countries that saturated the atmosphere – considered to be a global common – thereby reducing the environmental space available for developing countries. More than a financial debt, the climate debt is also owed for the impacts of climate change that is suffered in past and present in developing countries, and future
Therefore, the climate debt based on the historical responsibility of the developed countries must be paid through a range of actions. This includes immediate and rapid emissions reduction, financial transfers to the Global South, and global sharing of appropriate technology and knowledge to:
- enable sufficient environmental space within sustainable ecological limits for developing countries
- to enable developing countries to adopt low carbon societies
- provide reparations for damages, and
- build resilience of communities to the impacts of climate change
The Plurinational State of Bolivia submitted a proposal to recognise and repay the Climate Debt to the UN Climate Change Convention, which has been officially endorsed by Venezuela, Paraguay, Cuba, Malaysia and Sri Lanka. The submission is based on modelling of the historic and continued developed country overuse of the Earth's capacity to absorb greenhouse gases and the impacts of climate change as a result of this over pollution.
2. The EU Commission climate finance proposal assumes:
- that developing countries should source as much as 40% of the finance needed from their own national budgets
- that 40% of money will be source via the carbon market – private sector financing that will, for a large part, double count as emissions reductions in the developed countries.
- and only about 20% of the funds will be sourced from public finance.
-Article 4 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change requires developed countries to provide financial support from developed to developing countries for technology cooperation and transfer, conservation of greenhouse gas 'sinks' and adaptation. The Bali Action Plan, agreed in 2007, also reiterated the crucial nature of funding flows that are new and additional and which are “measurable, reportable, and verifiable”. Developing country states have interpreted “new and
additional” to demand that developed countries provide these funds in addition to existing Official Development Assistance commitments of 0.7% of gross domestic product.