Polluting Brazilian mining giant Vale exposed
On the same day as the Awards ceremony, January 27, the world's largest grassroots environmental organisation released a case study highlighting how Vale contributes to climate change  through its dirty mining activities while profiting from 'carbon offsetting' schemes which exacerbate the climate crisis.
The Brazilian corporation Vale is the world’s second largest metals and mining company and one of the largest producers of raw materials globally. In 2010 it reported profits of US$ 17 billion.
The case study released by Friends of the Earth International reveals Vale's unfulfilled promises and its lobby activities aimed at influencing national and international climate change policies.
Despite setting out in 2008 its intention to cut its carbon dioxide emissions, Vale emitted - according to its own figures - 20 million tons of CO2 in 2010, an increase of a third on 2007 levels (15 million tons).
Vale has representatives on the Brazilian government’s official delegation to the UN and is one among many major corporations that are exerting pressure on government climate policies to undermine global action on the climate crisis.
The South African energy giant Sasol was also exposed by Friends of the Earth International in a separate recent case study on 'corporate capture' of UN processes. 
Chief among Vale’s large scale mining projects that have direct impact on peoples and the environment in Brazil is the controversial steel complex of Companhia Siderurgica do Atlantico (TKCSA), a joint venture in Rio de Janeiro.
Vale has faced heavy criticism for high levels of pollution at this plant, which increased Rio de Janeiro's carbon dioxide emissions by 76 %. Nevertheless, Vale’s project looks set to profit from 'carbon credits' under the so-called Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and other offsetting mechanisms.
“The project severely affected the livelihoods of eight thousand fishing workers living in traditional communities in the Sepetiba bay and the joint venture was denounced for environmental crimes in Brazilian courts,” said Lucia Ortiz for Friends of the Earth International.
“While Vale profits from large-scale mining activities which cause climate change, it also profits from false solutions which are exacerbating the climate crisis, such as carbon offsetting,” she added.
Vale is also constructing the Belo Monte dam in the Amazonian rainforest which is set to displace 40,000 people and have devastating consequences for the region's unique biodiversity and Indigenous Peoples.
The case study released on January 27 also exposes a Vale mining concession in Mozambique, the Moatize coal project, which exploits one of the world’s largest coal reserves since 2011. It is expected to produce 11 million tons of coal per year once it is fully operational.
Vale’s Moatize project attracted considerable criticism in Mozambique, for instance because some 1,300 families were forced to relocate to areas with difficult access to water, energy and arable land, and into houses badly built, with cracks and leaky roofs. Affected communities recently resorted to non-violent demonstrations, including blockading a train transporting coal to the Beira harbour.
Daniel Ribeiro from Friends of the Earth Mozambique said: “Members of local communities have been threatened, persecuted and harassed, according to a Chipanga community member, and these reports are just the tip of the iceberg.”
FOR MORE INFORMATION
Lucia Ortiz, Friends of the Earth International Coordinator on Economic Justice – Resisting to Neoliberalism. Tel: + 55 51 9841 8707 (Brazil) Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Daniel Ribeiro, Friends of the Earth Mozambique. Tel +258 84 7151300 (Mozambique) Email: email@example.com
NOTES TO EDITORS The 'Public Eye Awards' were awarded on January 27 in Davos, to coincide with the World Economic Forum, which is attended by world leaders. For more information about the 'Public Eye Awards' go to: http://www.publiceye.ch/en/news/
For more information about Vale: http://www.publiceye.ch/en/vote/vale/
 The Vale case study released on January 27 is online for press preview in English at
And in Portuguese:
 The Sasol case study released on 7 December is online at