In the REDD: Australia's carbon offset project in central Kalimantan
This report was researched by campaigners in Friends of the Earth Australia who visited Indonesia to examine the Kalimantan Forests and Climate Partnership, the world's first large scale REDD pilot project that was set up between Australia and Indonesia.
Key findings of this report are that:
- The Indonesia-Australia Forest Carbon Partnership continues to be used as a platform to establish REDD as a UN-sanctioned source of low-cost carbon offsets for Australia in the longer term.
- The agreement with Indonesia does not guarantee indigenous rights, and is in conflict with the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, endorsed by Australia in April 2009
- This ‘first large-scale’ REDD pilot project in Central Kalimantan does not clarify or recognise the rights of local forest-dependent communities, including as a precondition for implementation, and there is no mention of the rights of local forest-dependent communities in the project documentation. The project is creating additional tension and conflicts with respect to land tenure in the area.
- The Kalimantan REDD project has created confusion among local groups, and faces ongoing opposition from local people. Community groups continue to express their concerns about the facts that the principle of Free, Prior and Informed Consent is not being realised; the project will not address the relevant drivers of deforestation in the area; and the KFCP does not recognise customary Dayak wisdom.
- Evidence of carbon leakage4 through continued illegal land clearing seriously undermines the effectiveness of the project. Palm oil firms have been found to be illegally clearing land in a nearby zone in Central Kalimantan, which is supposed to be subject to a deforestation moratorium under the Norway-Indonesia REDD+ Partnership.