GLOBAL 2000 was founded in October 1982 in Vienna and has been a member of the FoEI network since 1998. With 55,000 honorary members, GLOBAL 2000 is one of the largest and most well-known Austrian environmental protection organizations. The work is financed mostly by fundraising and donations from private individuals. As an environmental lobby GLOBAL 2000 not only uncovers environmental scandals and the responsibility Austria has in international environmental problems, but also offers ecological approaches for solutions.
The instruments used in campaigns are political lobbying, broadly effective media work, non-violent direct action, operations designed for public participation, pilot projects, advertising and marketing. GLOBAL 2000 is most decidedly against any form of discrimination, fascism and dictatorship. It struggles to secure peace and the personal liberty of each and every individual, to strengthen the means of direct democracy and civil rights.
The main campaigns of GLOBAL 2000 are:
- Nuclear campaign - Since 1993 the main objectives have been to stop unsafe nuclear power plants -NPP- in neighbouring countries. The first focus was on Temelín (Czech Republic) and later Mochovce (Slovakian Republic). Since 1999 the objective of the Nuclear Campaign has been to use EU-enlargement to induce nuclear phase-out. A recent victory has been to stop imports of nuclear electricity to Austria by making labeling of all electricity supplied to Austrian customers and storage plants mandatory on a legal basis.
- Besides this anti-nuclear campaigning, GLOBAL 2000 also runs a charity project in the Ukraine to support children with cancer - resulting from the late after-effects of the nuclear accident in Chernobyl - through direct medical help, equipment and recreational holidays in Austria.
- Genetic Engineering - Since 1995, GLOBAL 2000 has been campaigning against genetic engineering, with the focal points being foodstuffs and agriculture. A referendum initiated in part by GLOBAL 2000 was signed by 1.2 million Austrian citizens. GLOBAL 2000 was able to prevent, up till now, the release of genetically manipulated plants in Austria.
- Rainforest projects - GLOBAL 2000 coordinates and administrates rainforest projects to support the indigenous population in Brazil and Colombia. The objectives of the projects are to support indigenous cultures in the actualization of self-determined and careful development strategies, the long-term maintenance of their habitats and a rash counteraction to the destruction of the rainforests.
- Climate & Energy - In order to expose the inappropriateness of the energy policy, and to save valuable river landscape areas, GLOBAL 2000 has organized campaigns against senseless H.E.P. stations and occupied, with partial success, some of the construction sites (Hainburg, Lambach, Lechtal).
A major campaign in recent years, S. O. S. Klima, has been calling for a climate protection law in Austria.