FAO Alessia Pierdomenico

Civil Society movements blamed Governments negotiating on biofuels at the Committee on World Food Security [1, 2] for defending the interests of the biofuels industry rather than the interests of people pushed into hunger by biofuel policies. Ignoring expert evidence from the High Level Panel of Experts showing that biofuels targets aggravate food price volatility and hunger, Governments led by North America, Australia and the EU systematically deleted any references to Human Rights, links with food price spikes and land grabbing.

Governments acknowledged that biofuels crops compete with food crops and influence food prices but did not have the courage to recommend any action to stop this. The domination of pro biofuel countries in talks, spearheaded by the EU, has resulted in decisions heavily favorable for biofuels expansion. Governments including Egypt, Jordan and China who spoke expressing strong misgivings have largely been ignored.

Robbie Blake, biofuels campaigner for Friends of the Earth Europe, said:
“Experts agree that burning food for biofuels is not a ‘green’ solution. It fuels hunger, land grabs and climate change. Yet, under intense pressure from a subsidy-hungry biofuel industry, the UN Committee on World Food Security has today ignored the obvious: that to reduce pressure on land and food we must stop using food for fuel for the rich.”

Kirtana Chandrasekaran, food sovereignty coordinator for Friends of the Earth International, said:
“Small scale food producers have spoken powerfully here about the reality they are confronted with every day: that biofuels crops compete with their food production, for the land they till and for the water that sustains them. They called on this assembly to take action to defend the right to food from the impacts of biofuels; instead the recommendations overwhelmingly defend the interests of the biofuels industry and legitimise violations of the right to food.”

In June the High Level Panel of Experts (HLPE), on the request of the CFS, released its report on biofuels policies to inform the negotiations [3]. The report clearly concluded that there is a link between the energy policy and food insecurity and that biofuels have been a key driver behind steep food price spikes and food price volatility in recent years.  It said: “Everything else being equal, the introduction of a rigid biofuel demand does affect food commodity prices. […]  In the last few years (since 2004) of short-term commodity food price increase, biofuels did play an important role.” Other independent research such as by the European Commission has confirmed similar findings [4]. And the OECD, World Bank, IMF, WTO and FAO in 2011 called on ministers of G20 countries “to remove provisions of current national policies that subsidize (or mandate) biofuels production or consumption” [5].  All this advice was discounted.

Estimates suggest about six million hectares of land in sub-Saharan Africa is already controlled by European biofuel companies and about 293 land grabs covering more than 17 million hectares worldwide have been reported due to biofuels.

On Monday more than 80 civil society organizations sent a letter to CFS members warning that the current recommendations would fail to uphold the Right to Food or stop hunger caused by biofuels.


[1] The CFS serves as a forum in the UN System for review and follow-up of policies concerning world food security.  Civil Society participates at the CFS through the largest international mechanism of civil society organizations seeking to influence agriculture, food security and nutrition policies and actions.

[2] The mandate and spirit of the reformed CFS is to create a body that includes all countries and stakeholders. A Global Strategic Framework rooted in the Right to Food is at the heart of the reformed CFS and provides clear guidance to coordinate actions on food security and nutrition.

[3] The HLPE provides scientific and knowledge-based analysis to inform governments on priority issues. It’s report on biofuels is: www.fao.org/fileadmin/user_upload/hlpe/hlpe_documents/HLPE_Reports/HLPE-Report-5_Biofuels_and_food_security.pdf

[4] www.euractiv.com/energy/eu-report-brussels-biofuels-poli-news-530293

[5] www.oecd.org/tad/agricultural-trade/48152638.pdf

[6] Open Letter on Biofuels in the CFS http://www.csm4cfs.org/

[7] Civil Society intervention after the CFS Biofuels Decision Box is adopted http://www.csm4cfs.org/