Free trade takeover of the Earth Summit: United States and European Union bullying revealed on first day of talks
Johannesburg, August 25, 2002 – Non Governmental Organisations (NGOs) STATEMENT by Friends of the Earth International, Greenpeace and Third World Network.
On the first day of informal negotiations at the Johannesburg Earth Summit, Friends of the Earth International, Greenpeace and Third World Network today obtained a leaked copy of a joint US/EU negotiating paper, which they said threatened to hijack the Earth Summit process and turn it from a sustainable development into a trade summit. The international NGOs blasted the EU and the US for trying to steamroller their trade and globalization agenda through the Earth Summit process. The groups said that Johannesburg was being turned from Rio+10 into Doha +10 months.
The groups said that the paper moves forward the rich countries‘trade liberalization and corporate globalisation priorities at the expense of adequately addressing the issues of environmental protection, poverty relief and sustainable development that the Earth Summit is supposed to be about. The groups called on President Thabo Mbeki of South Africa, the official Chair of the Earth Summit, to resist US and EU pressure and to ensure that the negotiating process is held in the open with all countries and NGOs represented. South Africa should not allow this paper, the current status of which is unclear, to become the main negotiating text on the key issues trade and finance.
The negotiations should proceed on the basis of the draft implementation plan agreed at the last talks in June in Bali, and the negotiations should be open for all countries to be present, as well as NGOs.
The Earth Summit is the only political process where all the Governments are supposed to be able to negotiate freely around global environment and development problems – irrespective of size or economic power. The US/EU approach is likely to cause substantial frustration amongst other countries, because this paper smacks of a top down approach in which – just like at the WTO – the two major power houses strike a deal and then try to pressurize other countries to accept their agenda.
Friends of the Earth International Daniel Mittler +27 72 4015394
Third World Network Chee Yoke Ling + 27 83 3151098
Greenpeace Steve Sawyer +27 83 587 7325