New global biodiversity framework not fit for purpose_photo of seeds and banknotes

Press release. Monday 19 December 2022. Montreal – The new Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF) announced today fails to lay the groundwork for the transformational change needed to address the biodiversity crisis.

The Chinese presidency adopted the text despite clear opposition from the Democratic Republic of Congo, ignoring a process the COP15 president himself had laid out.  

Friends of the Earth International is deeply concerned about the way in which the GBF was adopted. The environmental federation warns that the corporate capture of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) blocked the pathways that lead to the system change needed to protect biodiversity.

“The text does not stipulate any regulation on corporations and instead promotes greenwashing measures such as “Nature-Based Solutions”, which allow for offsetting for environmental destruction,” says Nele Marien, Forests & Biodiversity Coordinator. 

The new Global Biodiversity Framework does not stop the destructive advance of agribusiness, the main driver of biodiversity loss. Rather, it promotes agribusiness through concepts such as “sustainable intensification” and “innovation”.

Hemantha Withanage, Friends of the Earth International’s Chair, says:

“We welcome that the new framework to protect biodiversity does not mention “Nature Positive“, one of the proposed greenwashing measures that opened up new possibilities for offsetting biodiversity destruction, rather than halting it. However, the same ideas are still there implicitly. There are also problematic references to biodiversity offsets and credits.”

“Fortunately, the text recognises environmental defenders, and there is a recognition of indigenous and traditional territories. However, it is a pity that the document does not recognise them as a specific category for the fulfilment of the objective on protected areas.” 

Friends of the Earth International will continue to work alongside local communities around the world and Indigenous Peoples, who are building the system change we need to protect biodiversity.


In Montreal: SP & ENG: José Elosegui,, +598 98 846 967
ENG: Shaye Skiff,, +1 202 222 0723
FR & ENG: Caroline Prak,