What do ‘net zero’, ‘nature-based solutions’, carbon markets, offsetting, geoengineering all have in common? These are false solutions to the climate crisis. Increasingly popular in national, regional, and global policy spaces, these schemes delay genuine climate action and bear disastrous consequences for communities and ecosystems. Friends of the Earth International is fighting climate false solutions – and you can join us using the resources below. 

Bank of evidence on climate false solutions: Part 1 on the negative impacts of ‘nature-based solutions’

This is a collection of media articles, investigations and reports documenting the impacts of climate false solutions on communities and ecosystems across the world. We have gathered this evidence to serve as a tool for campaigning, advocacy and communications efforts to resist the advance of false solutions, and show their failure to truly address the climate crisis. 

Part 1 covers ‘nature-based solutions’, including tree planting, REDD/+, soil carbon and farming offsets, as well as ‘improved cookstove offsets’. Part 2 will be published at a later date, covering geoengineering, hydrogen, and industry.

List of resources on climate false solutions

This is a list of reports, blogs, press articles and opinion pieces covering the different aspects of false solutions. These resources can be used to build knowledge and understanding on false solutions, and support campaigning, advocacy, and communications efforts to oppose them.

Guide to carbon markets and how to oppose them

This guide provides an overview of the various and complex processes that are dangerously pushing carbon markets at global, regional, and national level. It highlights what some efforts to oppose carbon markets and offsetting can look like, and what avenues exist to build the capacity of the climate movement for these fights. We hope this will be a useful tool to inform and support people to start their own campaigns and advocacy efforts against carbon markets.

Further resources will be added to the Toolkit, at a later date.