In 2010, after long years of talks and negotiations, the UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme) started a study to get a clear image of oil pollution in Ogoniland, a region where oil production has been on hold for over 18 years now. The Ogoni people forced Shell out of their region after years of protests against pollution and the lack of social development. Ever since, Shell and the Nigerian authorities have been looking for a way to appease the region that is so important for oil production and oil transit, and therefore also for the cash flow to Shell and the Nigerian State.