Local non-government organisations (NGOs) have raised concerns about the social and environmental impacts of jatropha and studies have questioned some of the claims made about jatropha’s benefits. This report, by Friends of the Earth England Wales and Northern Ireland and Young Nawe / Friends of the Earth Swaziland, highlights those concerns for media and policy makers and questions some of the claims being made by D1 Oils and others for biofuel from jatropha.