Since entering in to force in 1993, the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) has approved hundreds of decisions related to its three objectives. These objectives are to: prevent further biodiversity loss; ensure that nature’s resources are used sustainably; and ensure that the benefits from using these resources are shared fairly and equitably, especially when based on indigenous knowledge.

Though not all decisions are still relevant or entirely positive, Friends of the Earth International considers that if implemented properly, many of the decisions will help the environment and IPLCs (indigenous peoples and local communities). Unfortunately, it is all too easy for governments to see them as “old” decisions, disregard or forget about them entirely.

In this analysis, we have made a selection of 233 decisions by the CBD, grouped into five major themes:

We hope that the analysis of these important decisions will help communities, indigenous peoples and social movements to assess the commitments made by each government in relation to the reality in their territories. It is a tool with which to ensure governments comply with their own decisions, regarding the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.